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WWI

These collections contains any material relating to Canada from 1914 to 1918 from either the home front or the battlefront. External links in collection descriptions are either to online attestation papers at Library and Archives Canada or casualty and burial information at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

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James Alfred Livingston was born in Norwood, Ontario in September, 1894 and enlisted in Norwood, Ontario in December, 1915.  Livingston was overseas with the 93rd Battalion but was invalided back the war as medically unfit.  The collection currently consists of five letters and several clippings.

Duncan Wallace Livingstone was born in Asbestos, Quebec in May, 1895. Livingstone enlisted in March, 1915 and served overseas as a Lance Corporal with the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles. Livingstone was killed at Passchendaele on October 30, 1917. The collection consists of photograph of Livingstone and a letter of condolence concerning his death.

Einar Stefansson Long was born in Iceland in December, 1891. He emigrated to Canada prior to the war and was a student in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Long enlisted in February, 1916 in Winnipeg. He served overseas with the 8th Battalion and was killed on August 9, 1918. The collection consists of one photograph of Long and his friend Gudmunder Gudmundson.

Hubert Willliam "Bert" Lovell was born in born in England in November, 1891. Lovell enlisted in Edmonton, Alberta in January, 1916 and served overseas with the 8th Canadian Field Ambulance. The collection consists of two photographs and a transcription of his notes for a speech given at the 8th Canadian Field Ambulance Reunion Dinner in Calgary, 1931.

Harry Rodrick Low was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba in April, 1891.  Low enlisted in Winnipeg in January, 1916 and served overseas with the 9th Canadian Field Ambulance, Canadian Army Medical Corps.  The collection currently consists of one letter by Low published in The Winnipeg Free Press on January 4, 1918 describing Passchendaele.

William Lowry was born in Bannbridge, Ireland in 1893 and emigrated to Prince George, British Columbia sometime prior to World War One. He enlisted in January, 1916, served in France and was wounded late in 1916. He was sent first to England and later back to British Columbia to recover. The collection consists of seventeen letters covering his convalescence both overseas and in Canada.

Malcolm James MacDonell was born in Lancaster, Ontario in December, 1896.  He enlisted at the age of eighteen in September, 1915 in Montreal, Quebec.  MacDonell served overseas with the 73rd Battalion and 42nd Battalion, both of the Royal Highlanders of Canada, until he was demobilized and returned to Canada in 1919.  The collection currently consists of thirty-three letters, seven photographs, a document of thank you from his church, and a diary. 

Please note that the diary has not been transcribed.  The digitized only format is meant to be temporary, and is a result of resource and manpower issues at this time.

Gordon Rae MacKay was born in Findlay, Manitoba in 1893 and later moved to Biggar, Saskatchewan. MacKay enlisted in March, 1916 with the 46th Canadian Infantry. He was sent overseas in November, 1916 and arrived in France in April, 1917. In June of 1917 he was wounded and spent time in hospitals in France and England before being returned to Canada in early 1918 where he spent further time in hospital before being discharged. The collection consists of more than 70 letters written by MacKay home to his family in Saskatchewan.

Archibald "Archie" MacKinnon was born in July, 1894. He first enlisted with the 74th Battalion and later served overseas with the 58th Battalion. MacKinnon was seriously wounded in September, 1916 and discharged as medically unfit in June, 1917. The collection currently consists of twenty letters. See also the collections of his uncle William MacKinnon and his brother Ronald MacKinnon.

Ronald MacKinnon was born on 27 August 1893 and enlisted in Toronto on September 10, 1915, serving first with the 81st Battalion. The unit went overseas in April 1916, but was broken up to reinforce other battalions, with Ronald being transferred to the Royal Canadian Regiment. He reached France in June, and shortly thereafter was wounded in the fighting at Sanctuary Wood, near Ypres. In November 1916, he was passed fit for duty and was posted to the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. Private Ronald MacKinnon was killed in action at Vimy Ridge on April 9 -10, 1917. The collection currently consists of thirty nine letters and two photographs. See also the collections of his uncle William and his brother Archibald MacKinnon.

William MacKinnon was born in Scotland in June, 1886. He emigrated around 1912 to Canada and enlisted in Edmonton, Alberta in December, 1914. MacKinnon served overseas with the 31st Battalion until his death on November 7, 1915. The collection currently consists of one letter. See also the collections of his nephews Ronald and Archibald MacKinnon.

Norwood MacLeod was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1886. He enlisted in September, 1914 with the Canadian Field Artillery, and then later transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. He was shot down and killed October 14, 1917. The collection consists of more than fifty letters transcribed by Norwood's father at the end of the war, although the originals have since been lost.

Nicolas MacNeill was born in Colonsay, Argyllshire, Scotland in February, 1892. He emigrated to Canada in 1913 where he worked as a bank clerk. MacNeill was a part of the First Canadian Contingent, enlisting in September, 1914. He served overseas until his death in April, 1915. The collection currently consists of two photographs and his obituary.

Frank Honeywell Magee was born in Lowell Mass. in June, 1894.  Prior to the war Magee worked as a teamster in Kelowna, British Columbia before enlisting in March, 1915 in Vancouver with the 11th Canadian Mounted Rifles.  He served overseas in France with the 7th Battalion until his death on January 24, 1917.  The collection currently consists of three letters, a postcard, and a photograph.

Lieutenant Ivan Clark Maharg was born in Teeswater, Ontario in 1897 and enlisted in Brandon, Manitoba in March, 1916. He served in France with the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles (Saskatchewan Regiment). Maharg was killed in France September 29, 1918 at the age of 21. The collection consists of one extended letter, his diary from 1918, and five photographs.

Private Robert Howard Manzer was born in Doe Lake, Ontario on July 5, 1886, to parents John Oscar & Jane Eva Manzer. He was working as a school principal at the Quennell School in Nanaimo on Vancouver Island, when he enlisted in Vancouver on June 3rd, 1916, with the British Columbia Company of the Western Universities Overseas (196th) Battalion.

Shipping for England on board the S.S. Southland in November of 1916, Manzer served his time in England working as a Clerk with the Canadian Forestry Corps. He was medically discharged and returned to Canada in late 1918.

The letter in the Manzer collection was written by Robert to his mother at the time of his enlistment, in part to try to explain why he felt compelled to leave civilian life and offer his service to the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force.

External links:
Pte. Manzer’s Service Record (Serv/Reg# 911980) can be viewed/downloaded in pdf format through Library and Archives Canada.

Thomas Marion was born in Toronto in 1894. He was a student in Montreal at the time of his enlistment in November, 1916. Marion was a member of the Irish Canadian Rangers and served overseas where he was wounded. The collection consists of one letter from hospital describing his wounding. The actual date of the letter is unclear. Although it is dated 1915 would be likely 1917 or possibly 1918, given that he did not enlist until 1916.

Edgar William Marlow, MM, was born in London, England in November, 1886. Prior to the war Marlow emmigrated to Canada and he enlisted in August, 1915 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Marlow served overseas with the 1st. Bn. Canadian Machine Gun Corps until his return to Canada in 1919. The collection currently consists of letters, photograqphs, postcards, personal and printed matter.

Alexander Matheson was born on Prince Edward Island in 1890 and later moved to British Columbia where he worked as a logger. He joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force in January, 1918. Matheson served in France and was killed October 10, 1918. The collection consists of seven letters written by Matheson.

Alexander Matier was born in 1880 and raised in New York City where in May, 1898, he enlisted in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War. He saw service in Cuba and returned to New York. In 1915 Matier enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force and saw service overseas, where he was wounded in Belgium in the spring of 1916.

He spent more than two years in convalescent hospitals in England and Canada before he was discharged in September 1918. He died in Winnipeg in 1920. (More information about this time period is available in his Service File in the National Archives, which is unusually detailed about his medical history, including time spent at the Tuxedo Military Hospital in Winnipeg, receiving treatments such as galvanism, faradism, electric current baths and ionization (radiation).

The collection consists of two letters written home from Cuba in 1898 and an extended eighteen page letter written in 1918 detailing his wounding and convalescence. 

Please note: Because of the way files are organized on the website, letters written by one author but across multiple wars may not always be visible together (the pages will look very similar, only the headings above the name and the # of letters in the "Collection Contents" list below will be different. If needed, the following links can be used to move between the two time periods of the Matier collection:

Click here to go to the Spanish-American War letters from 1898.

Click here to go to the WWI letter from 1918.

 

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Latest Readings from World War One collections

James Moore

Reads a 09/21/1916 Letter by Drader, Eugene Robert from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/06/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/05/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter