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WWI

These collections contains any material relating to Canada from 1914 to 1918 from either the home front or the battlefront. External links in collection descriptions are either to online attestation papers at Library and Archives Canada or casualty and burial information at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

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Cecil Moody was born in England in November, 1892 and emigrated to Canada prior to the war. Moody enlisted in October, 1915 and served overseas with the 8th Canadian Field Ambulance until the end of the war. The collection currently consists of thirty-nine letters, as well as photographs and other miscellaneous items connected to his service.

Donald Mackenzie was born in New Brunswick in 1877 and enlisted on November 9, 1914 in Victoria, British Columbia. Moore served as a Captain with the 30th Battalion. He was killed May 22, 1915. The collection consists of one newspaper clipping, three letters from Donald to his brother Art and one letter from their cousin Cyrus Peck regarding Donald's disappearance.

William Addison Moore was born in Derbyshire, England in October, 1895.  Prior to the war William and his brother emigrated to Canada and farmed in Alberta.  Moore enlisted in November, 1914 in Red Deer, Alberta with the 31st Battalion.  He was with the 31st until he took a commission with the Essex Regiment in early 1916.  He was killed May 5, 1916.  The collection currently consists of one letter, one memorial, and three photographs.

Arthur Norman Morris was born in Manchester, England in 1893. His date of emigration is unknown. He enlisted in Regina, Saskatchewan in July, 1915 and served in Belgium with the 9th Canadian Field Ambulance. The collection consists of two letters.

Harry Morris was born in Montreal in 1882 and enlisted 87th Battalion in Montreal in November, 1915. He served in France with a trench mortar battery and was wounded early in 1917. Morris was discharged in February 1918 as a result of his wounds and returned home to Montreal. The collection consists of numerous photographs, telegrams, four letters, one poem, and miscellaneous documents. One of the letters is an extended account of the being wounded and the process of medical treatment.

Gordon J. Morrisette was born in the Eastern Townships of Quebec near Minton in 1895. He attended elementary school in North Hatley where he first met Marjorie Reed, whom he married after WWI, and who was the recipient of these letters. While attending McGill University he enlisted May 1, 1916 with the siege battery raised by the principal of McGill, Sir William Peterson, which eventually became the 7th Canadian Siege Battery overseas. At the end of the war he returned to Canada, completed his engineering degree at McGill, and married Marjorie in 1924. The collection consists of more than forty letters sent by Gordon to Marjorie from 1916 to 1919.

Private Fredrick James Duncan Morrison was born in Nanaimo, British Columbia, on December 19, 1892, to parents Murdock and Mary Morrison. Fred was still quite young when his family, which included five older sisters, moved to Ladysmith, B.C.

With prior military experience in the 101st Edmonton Regiment, he enlisted in Valcartier, Quebec, on September 24, 1914, and shipped overseas that October. He served in France with the 5th Battalion, 2nd Infantry Brigade. He was killed in action near Courcelette, France, on September 27, 1916, and is commemorated in France on the Vimy Memorial.

Morrison’s name is listed on the Ladysmith Cenotaph along with forty other soldiers who were born, lived, or worked in Ladysmith, British Columbia, and who died during the First World War. Seven of these soldiers, including Morrison, had wartime letters published by The Ladysmith Chronicle newspaper (see links below). 

The complete list of soldiers in the can be found in the Ladysmith and District Historical Society collection.

External links:
Pte. Morrison’s Service Record (Serv/Reg# 13016) can be viewed/downloaded in pdf format through Library and Archives Canada.
Burial Information is available at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
memorial page honouring Morrison can be visited online at the Canadian Virtual War Memorial.
Pte. Morrison is commemorated on the Vimy Memorial, France, and on the Ladysmith Cenotaph, Rotary Memorial Peace Garden, Ladysmith, British Columbia.
A collection of WWI soldiers' letters published in The Ladysmith Chronicle was undertaken by the Ladysmith & District Historical Society through their work with the Ladysmith Archives.

[Note: There are some name-related discrepancies within Duncan’s Service Record, with his first middle name variously appearing as James, John, and Jason.]

Laura Margaret Morton was born in Kingston, Ontario in March, 1891. She trained as a nurse in Ontario and in 1917 she enlisted with the CAMC. Morton served overseas in France and Britain during the war. The collection consists of her photograph album from her time at the Winwick Hospital in Britain, which during the war was known as the Lord Derby War Hospital. We have scans of the complete album pages as they appeared, as well as the individual photographs on those pages.

Jay Batiste Moyer was born in Toronto, Ontario in January, 1897. Moyer enlisted in Toronto in October, 1915 with the 95th Overseas Battalion and served overseas with the Western Ontario Regiment. He was killed at Vimy Ridge, April 9, 1917. The collection consists of more than seventy letters written between 1915 and 1917 and one photograph.

Louis Wilfred Mullen was born in Cove Head, Prince Edward Island in April, 1896. Mullen previously was a member of the militia before he enlisted in February, 1916 in Halifax, Nova Scotia with the No. 11 Overseas Field Artillery Brigade Ammunition Column. He served overseas with the 43rd Battery until his return to Canada at the end of the war. The collection currently consists of his photograph album containing over one hundred photographs, a letter, postcards, and other miscellaneous personal items.

Lance Corporal Richard Gardiner Munroe was born in Sundridge, Ontario to parents Andrew Percy and Agnes Munroe. He enlisted at Parry Sound with the 162nd Overseas Battalion on January 27th, 1916.

Shipping for England on board the S.S. Caronia in November of 1916, he was called-up to action in France in March of 1917 with the 123rd Battalion. He was serving with the 8th Battalion Canadian Engineers at the conclusion of the war and was demobilized on February 2nd, 1919.

External links:
L.Cpl. Munroe’s Service Record (Reg/Ser# 657440) is available online through Library and Archives Canada.

The collection for Lance Corporal Richard Gardiner Munroe was created from the donation of the Gladys Hornibrook materials. Living in the small village of Sundridge near North Bay, Ontario, Gladys was only thirteen years old when World War One began. While the majority of her correspondence was with her uncles in overseas service, the letters, photos, and other memorabilia that she saved from the war years included keepsakes relating to other local solders. Among them was the Munroe letter posted here.

Michael Francis Murphy was born February 27, 1894 in St. John's Newfoundland. Murphy enlisted on December 15, 1914 with the Royal Newfoundland Regiment (sevice no. 754), part of the original "C" coy. Murphy served in Gallipoli, Egypt, and France, and returned to Newfoundland at the end of the war. The collection currently consists of two photographs of Murphy and one letter to his daughter. Murphy's complete service file is also available online.

This collection contains over 30 letters from World War One published in The Nanaimo Daily News, a local newspaper published in Nanaimo, British Columbia. Newspapers across Canada regularly printed letters home from overseas, either letters written directly to the newspaper by the soldiers, or first written to the family and then contributed to the paper by the family. Collections such as those from The Nanaimo Daily Free Press provide a fascinating look at the relationship of community and war as played out in the pages of the local newspaper. The dates for which the letters are listed represent the dates on which they were published, as the original dates of the letters are not always indicated. Where the original date of writing is known it will be part of the letter text. Introductions to the letters and editorial comments as they appeared in the newspaper have been left as published. All transcriptions have been taken from copies on microfilm and as such there are no scans for this collection.

Andrew John (Jack) Napier was born in Scotland in 1884. He later emigrated to Canada and enlisted in Winnipeg on September 1, 1915. He was discharged in 1919. The collection consists of one letter, his discharge certificate, and several photographs.

Edward Beverly Nash was born in Gorrie, Ontario in April 1887.  He enlisted in December 1915 with the 161st Battalion in Wroexeter, Ontario.  Nash served overseas with the 47th Battalion and the Canadian Machine Gun Corps until he was demobilized and returned to Canada in 1919.  The collection currently consists of sixteen letters.

Norman Cecil Nayler in Marmora, Ontario in October, 1898, and enlisted in Marmora in March, 1917. He served overseas with the Canadian Forestry Corps and returned to Canada in 1919. The collection consists of one photograph and three letters written by Nayler while in France.

Shorey Johnson Neville was born in Cottonwood, Saskatchewan in September, 1888. Neville enlisted at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan in May, 1916 and then served overseas in France until he was injured and sent to England. Due to his injuries he remained in England with the Khaki University until demobilization, at which time he returned to Canada. The collection consists of ten letters written from 1916 to 1917.

This collection includes letters from area soldiers published in The Speaker, as well as other articles from that paper pertaining to local soldiers and activities in the town. Overall the collection provides an excellent sense of the connection that a small town in Ontario had to World War One through the pages of its local paper. Whenever possible we have linked the names of individuals appearing in the paper with their attestation papers and/or their commemoration through the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
The Canadian Letters and Images Project is indebted to Dion Loach for graciously sharing his research.

Peter Newman was born in Leyton, England in 1895 and emigrated to Toronto, Canada in 1913. He enlisted in September, 1914 and served overseas in France and Belgium. Lance Corporal Newman was killed on June 6, 1916. As he has no known grave his name is listed on the Menin Gate, a memorial listing more than 58,000 individuals who died on the Ypres Salient and whose bodies were never found. The collection consists of five letters home from Newman, seveal letters of condolence following his death, photographs, postcards, a songbook, and other miscellaneous items.

John Newton, MC, was born in Limehouse, Ontario in 1887. He attended The University of Toronto where he was the captain of the University of Toronto football team that won the first Grey Cup in 1909 and then coached the Toronto Argonauts for three years prior to the war. Newton enlisted in May, 1916 and served overseas with the Canadian Field Artillery until the end of the war. He was awarded the Military Cross for actions on September 30, 1918. The collection consists of two letters to his wife, several photographs, and his diary from 1916 to 1918.

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Latest Readings from World War One collections

James Moore

Reads a 09/21/1916 Letter by Drader, Eugene Robert from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/06/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/05/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter