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WWI

These collections contains any material relating to Canada from 1914 to 1918 from either the home front or the battlefront. External links in collection descriptions are either to online attestation papers at Library and Archives Canada or casualty and burial information at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

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James Henderson Fargey was born in Belmont, Manitoba in December, 1897. He enlisted in July, 1915 in Winnipeg and served overseas with the 43rd Battalion. Fargey was killed in action October 15th, 1916. The collection currently consists of more than eighty letters, as well as photographs, postcards, telegrams, and other miscellaneous items.

James Percy Faulkner was born in Mount Denson, Nova Scotia in April, 1886. Faulkner was recruited in 1918 and sent overseas to Bramshott for training. The collection consists of numerous photographs and postcards that Faulkner sent home to his family.

Oscar James Fearman was born in Middleport, Ontario in January 1893.  Fearman enlisted with the 125th Battalion in Brantford, Ontario in December 1915.  He served overseas with the 1st Battalion until his death on April 9, 1917 at Vimy Ridge.  The collection currently consists of one letter and one postcard.

Albert Henry Fereday served with the 1st Battalion Prince of Wales Own Civil Service Rifles. He was killed August 22, 1918, at the age of 18. He has no known grave and is commemorated by name on Panel 10 on the Vis-en-Artois Memorial, Haucourt, France. The memorial stands in the grounds of Vis-en-Artois British Cemetery and bears the names of over 9,000 men who have no known grave. This collection consists of more than one hundred letters sent by Pte. Albert Henry Fereday. The letters have been transcribed by, and are used with the kind permission of, Anthony Fereday, the nephew of Albert Fereday. These materials are part of the non-Canadian section of this project

Joseph Roy Ferguson was born in Innisfil, Ontario in July, 1884. Ferguson enlisted in Toronto, Ontario in October, 1915 with the 4th Overseas University Battalion. The collection consists of one extended letter written on the S.S. Lapland during his voyage to England, and two photographs.

Arthur Lewis Fernyhough was born in Fenton, Stoke on Trent, England in September, 1890. Prior to the war he emigrated to Canada, where he worked as a butcher. Fernyhough enlisted in Winnipeg, Manitoba in December, 1915 with the 144th Battalion. The collection currently consists of photographs, postcards, his paybook, the Returned Soldiers' Handbook, the 144th Winnipeg Rifles Song Book, and other miscellaneous items.

Walter Fick was born on the Isle of Man in April, 1884. Sometime prior to the war he emigrated to Canada and worked in Toronto, Ontario as a conductor on the Toronto Street Railway. Fick enlisted in Toronto on May 1, 1916. He served with the 21st Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment). Fick died in hospital in England in 1918. The collection consists of one letter to his wife Mona, several Red Cross letters, two telegrams, and three photographs.

Corporal Harry Fielder was born in Plaistow, England, on July 1st, 1892. He was working as an engineer in the Royal North-West Mounted Police force prior to his enlistment at Portage la Prairie, Manitoba, on January 1st, 1916, into the 4th Division Cavalry.

Shipping for England on board the S.S. Olympic in May of 1916, he was called-up to action in France to serve with the 46th Battalion later that August. He was demobilized following the end of the war, on July 29th, 1919.

The collection consists of over 40 letters written by Harry to his sweetheart Agda Johnson, beginning while he was in service overseas in the fall of 1916 and continuing post-demobilization into September of 1920.

External links:
Cpl. Fielder's Service Record (Reg/Ser# 115884) can be viewed/downloaded in pdf format through Library and Archives Canada.

Reginald Walwin Fisher was born in Alliston, Ontario in March, 1895.  Prior to the war he moved to Regina, Saskatchewan where he went to school and then later worked in the city assessor's office.  Fisher enlisted in February, 1916 in Regina with the 195th Battalion and then later was transferred to the 52nd Battalion when overseas.  He was killed October 26, 1917.  The collection currently consists of a clipping announcing his death in a Regina newspaper.

Walter Earnest Peter Flett was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1887. Flett played with the Toronto Argonauts in the 1907 season and was the league leading scorer with 29 points. During the war Flett served in the RNAS with the No.3 Naval Wing. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the Cross de Guerre in 1917. The collection consists of more than twenty letters from 1916 through to 1917.

Harry Henry Foote was born in Toronto, Ontario in 1892 and enlisted in September, 1914. The collection consists of one letter written enroute to England in October, 1914 and one photograph taken at Valcartier, Quebec in 1914.

Kenneth Walter Foster was born in London, England in 1897 and emigrated to Canada sometime prior to World War One. He enlisted in Vernon, British Columbia in July, 1915 and served overseas until the end of the war. The collection consists of four photographs and one extended memoir written sometime after the war detailing his service. Foster died in Victoria, British Columbia in 1947.

William Fradley was born in Bristol, England in July, 1891.  He enlisted in Toronto in July, 1915 with the 35th Battalion and sailed to England in October, 1915.  Fradley was transferred to the 23rd Reserve Battalion and then later to the 3rd Battalion, in which he was serving at the time of his death on September 23, 1916.  The collection currently consists of a photograph of Fradley and a copy of his will.

John William Fraser was born in Riviere-du-Loup, Quebec in April, 1896. Fraser enlisted in Montreal in September, 1915 and served overseas first with the 73rd Battalion and then later with the 85th Battalion. The collection consists of one letter written to his father from Fraser's commanding officer about his son as a soldier.

Private Edward James Fright was born in Birchington-on-Sea, England on December 12th, 1896, to parents Edward James & Christiana Fright. Both died while Edward was quite young leaving himself and his younger brother Alfred orphaned at the ages of five and two. They were taken in at Dr. Barnardo's Home for Orphans in London, England.

Both Edward and Alfred were sent to Canada as "Home Children" in March of 1910, aboard the ship Dominion.  Both were eventually placed into domestic work with a family in South Dorchester, Elgin County, Ontario.

On January 1st, 1916, in Saint Thomas, Ontario, Edward enlisted with the 91st Overseas Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. He arrived in England abord the troop ship S.S. Olympic on July 5th, 1916, and was sent to France in October of that same year.

Pte. Fright was killed in action in an attack at Bellevue Spur at Passchendaele, Belgium, on October 26th, 1917. He is commemorated on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial in Belgium.  

External links:
Pte. Fright's Service Record (Reg/Ser# 189881) is available online through Library and Archives Canada.
Library and Archives Canada also has immigration information for Fright as part of their database on Home Children.
Burial information is available at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
A memorial page honouring Pte. Fright can be visited online at the Canadian Virtual War Memorial.

The Memorial Honour Roll Plaque to the Home Children of WWI, designed by Dawn Heuston, was sponsored by veteran Len Brown in memory of his mother Miriam Ann Morris who came to Canada as British Home Child. A high resolution jpg of the Plaque can be downloaded from the website of the British Home Child Advocacy and Research Association.

Harry Vincent Fuller was born in St. Paul, Minnesota in January, 1894.  His family later moved to Calgary where he enlisted in May, 1916 with the 137th Battalion.  Fulller served overseas in France until his return at the end of the war in 1919.  The collection currently consists of several photographs and a portion of a notebook he kept in 1917.

Captain John Roberts Gale was born in Youngs Cove, New Brunswick, on June 28th, 1890, to parents George Hamilton & Alma Kate Gale. Prior to enlistment John Gale worked as a school teacher.

He enlisted in Sussex, N.B. with the 64th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, on September 27th, 1915. Shipping for England in March of 1916, he soon proceeded to France where in July he transferred to the 25th Canadian Infantry Battalion, seconded to the 5th Trench Mortar Battery, with whom he served with for the majority of his time overseas.

He was injured or taken ill on several occasions, including gas poisoning from a shell early in 1917, trench fever in June of 1917, and a gunshot wound to his leg in 1918. Capt. Gale was demobilized on June 30 of 1920.

The letters and photo in the John Gale Collection were donated as part of his brother's, the Private Ralph Clement Gale Collection. Ralph Gale served with the 6th Canadian Mounted Rifles and was captured in battle on June 2nd, 1916, and was held as a German Prisoner of War (P.O.W.) until his death on July 29th, 1918. Most of the John Gale letters relate to his brother’s P.O.W. status; many are from Evelyn Rivers Bulkeley, Head of the Prisoner of War Branch of the Canadian Red Cross. Also included are letters from a German acquaintance of Ralph who writes to John after the war describing conditions under Occupation in the Rhineland.

External links:
Capt. John Roberts Gale’s Service Record (Serv/Reg# not assigned) can be viewed/downloaded in pdf format through Library and Archives Canada.

Private Ralph Clement Gale was born in Youngs Cove, New Brunswick on June 19th, 1895, to parents George Hamilton and Alma Kate Gale. Prior to enlistment Ralph Gale worked as a school teacher.

Having previously served in the 28th Dragoons Militia, Gale enlisted for overseas service at Amherst, Nova Scotia, with the 6th Canadian Mounted Rifles on April 21st, 1915. He sailed from Canada in July of 1915 and after training in England arrived in France in October of 1915, where he transferred to the 4th Battalion Canadian Mounted Rifles in early January of 1916.

He was captured during the Battle of Mount Sorrel near Ypres, Belgium, on June 2nd, 1916, and was held as a Prisoner of War in Germany at the Friedrichsfeld Camp in 1916/1917, and the Munster II (Rennbahn) Camp in 1918. Just a few months prior to the Armistice he died in a P.O.W. hospital (most likely of influenza), in Dortmund, Germany, on July 29th, 1918. He was buried in the Cologne Southern Cemetery, Germany.

The earliest letters in the Gale Collection were written by Ralph Gale to his mother and his sisters prior to his capture in 1916. Once he became a P.O.W. he continued to write from the prison camps in Germany. Also included is correspondence between various family members and from organizations such as the Canadian Red Cross Society, and two photos of Ralph taken while held at Friedrichsfeld. There are several letters written by Canadian soldiers who were interred with Ralph at the Friedrichsfeld and/or Munster II (Rennbahn) Camps, and who wrote to his family following his death. Links to their Service Records have been included below. (Among them is George Williams who is also connected to the collection of fellow Rennbahn P.O.W. William McLeish through their work together in camp theatrical productions.)

Ralph’s brother Captain John Roberts Gale was also in service overseas in World War One, including serving with 5th Canadian Trench Mortar Battery, 2nd Canadian. Division, France. As most of the correspondence to or from John Gale relates directly to his brother’s internment as a P.O.W., all of his letters have been included as part of the Ralph Gale Collection, although they can also be viewed separately in the Capt. John Roberts Gale Collection.

The letters from the Canadian Red Cross to the Gale family were through the work of Evelyn Rivers Bulkeley who as Head of the Prisoner of War Branch managed all requests for aid regarding Canadian P.O.W.’s throughout the period of Robert Gale’s internment.

External links:
Pte. Ralph Gale’s Service Record (Serv/Reg# 111184) can be viewed/downloaded in pdf format through Library and Archives Canada.
Burial information is available at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
A memorial page honouring Pte. Ralph Gale can be visited online at the Canadian Virtual War Memorial.

Service Records of the other P.O.W.'s with letters in the Ralph Gale collection, at Library and Archives Canada:

Gunner George Henry Flewelling, 1st Canadian Divisional Ammunition Column, Service Record, (Serv/Reg# 43719)
Private Arnold Garfield Griffin, 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles, Service Record (Serv/Reg# 111209)
Private John Paine Aitchison Hayes, 9th Canadian Mounted Rifles, Service Record (Serv/Reg# 114326)
Private George Buford Williams, 7th Battalion, Service Record (Serv/Reg# 16487)

Robert John Galloway was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba in March 1898. He later moved to Cabri, Saskatchewan and enlisted in Swift Current, Saskatchewan in April, 1916. Galloway served with the 102nd Bn until his death at Vimy Ridge, April 9, 1917.

Earnest George Gardner was born in Nova Scotia, Canada in 1894 and enlisted at Liverpool, Nova Scotia on March 1, 1916. The collection consists of one letter written in 1917.

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Latest Readings from World War One collections

James Moore

Reads a 09/21/1916 Letter by Drader, Eugene Robert from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/06/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/05/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter