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WWI

These collections contains any material relating to Canada from 1914 to 1918 from either the home front or the battlefront. External links in collection descriptions are either to online attestation papers at Library and Archives Canada or casualty and burial information at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

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Bernard Freeman Trotter was born in Toronto in 1890 and graduated from McMaster University in Toronto in 1915. He began graduate work at the University of Toronto before leaving for England in March, 1916. Although ill health prevented him from being accepted into the Canadian army, he was determined to serve and was able to secure a commission in the British Army. Trotter went to France in December, 1916 with his Leicestershire Regiment, and was killed by a shell on May 7, 1917. The collection consists of 87 letters home to his family from March 1916 to his death in May 1917.
Trotter was also a noted poet. His poems were collected by his father in 1917 and published later that year by McClelland and Stewart as A Canadian Twilight. The complete Trotter fond is located at McMaster University. All materials ©McMaster University and used with their permission.

Arthur Lawrence Turner was born in Liverpool, England, in 1890 but was living in Lachine, Quebec, when he enlisted in the 148th Battalion in Montreal on 8 March 1916. He was later transferred to the 24th Battalion. The collection consists of twelve letters to a woman he refers to only as Miss Lola.

William Henry Walker was born in Clinton, Ontario in 1897. He worked as a drug clerk until his enlistment at Clinton, Ontario on January 20, 1915. Walker served overseas and was killed December 19, 1916 at the age of nineteen. The collection consists of one photograph of Walker.

Owen Walsh was born in Quebec, February 18, 1888. We know very little about him. Prior to his enlistment he listed his residence as Montreal, his occupation as boilermaker, and he had served three years with the 8th Royal Rifles of Quebec and three years with the Queen's Own Hussars. Walsh enlisted in Montreal September 1, 1915. He saw action in France and was killed in action April 20, 1916. The collection consists of one letter of condolence to his wife.

Alfred Frank Warn was born in Christchurch, Hampshire, England in November, 1889. Prior to the war Warn emigrated to Canada. He enlisted with the 75th Battalion in August, 1915 at Niagara-on-the-Lake. The collection currently consists of one photograph of Warn.

Ludlow Jackson Weeks was born in Truro, Nova Scotia in September, 1899. Weeks enlisted with the No. 10 Halifax Siege Battalion in Halifax in May, 1917, having previously been rejected for being underage. He served overseas in 1918. The collection currently consists of more than forty letters, as well as postcards and photographs.

Murray Welsh was born in Kincardine, Ontario in August, 1889. Welsh enlisted with the Fort Garry Horse in June, 1915. He served in France and earned the DCM before his death on March 30, 1918. He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Vimy Memorial. The collection currently consists of nine letters, photographs, and personal items.

Garfield Willard Weston was born in Toronto, Ontario in February, 1898. Weston enlisted in February, 1917 in Toronto with the Divisional Signallers, Engineering Company. Weston served overseas during the war, and following the war he was a successful businessman, philanthropist, and served as an MP in the British Parliament during WWII. For further information on Weston, see the W. Garfield Weston Foundation site. The collection currently consists of one letter and three photographs.

Arthur Westwood was born in Toronto, Ontario in November, 1896. Westwood enlisted with the 75th Bn. CEF in Toronto, Ontario in August, 1915. The collection currently consists of one letter, his discharge papers, and a Christmas Day 1917 menu.

Herbert (Bert) Hill White was born July 30, 1880 in Grey County, Ontario Canada. Sometime after his father's death in 1895 Bert moved to Cincinnati, Ohio where his brother and mother then resided. He returned to Canada in 1916 and enlisted in October, 1916 as part of the Canadian Railway Battalion. White served overseas as a member of the Canadian Railway Battalion until his return to Canada in 1919. This collection consists of his diary from 1916 to 1919, and one photograph. He died in Ottawa in 1943.

James Claude Whyte was born in Galletta, Ontario in November, 1891. Prior to the war Whyte served with the 99th Manitoba Rangers Band. He enlisted in Brandon, Manitoba in March, 1916 with the 181st and served overseas with the band. The collection consists of his diary of 1917 and early 1918.

Charles Wilcox was born in July, 1889 at Stanstead, Quebec. Wilcox enlisted in October, 1914 and served with the 4th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. He served overseas in France and was wounded twice, the second time at Passchendaele late in 1917. Wilcox returned to Canada in 1919. The collection consists of nine letters that he wrote home while overseas. These letters are reproduced here with the kind permission of the Georgeville Historical Society and were originally published in The Georgeville Enterprise (Winter 1996).

Frederick Edward Wilkinson was born in St. Albans, Hants, England in March, 1890. Prior to the war Wilkinson emigrated to Canada where he worked as a teacher in Regina, Saskatchewan. Wilkinson enlisted in March, 1916 in Regina and served overseas with the Canadian Medical Corps. The collection currently consists of two letters written to one of his former pupils, Lois Purdy, and one Christmas card.

Francis Charles Williams was born in Shrewsbury, England in April, 1893. Williams enlisted at Rimouski in October, 1914. The collection consists of his paybook, as well as numerous postcards and photographs.

Dr. Charles James McNeil Willoughby was born in Cookstown, Ontario in 1894. Willoughby joined the Royal Medical Corp in 1916 after graduating from the University of Toronto medical school. He was posted first to Mesopotamia, and then later served in England, France and Belgium. After the war he returned to Canada where he practiced medicine in Kamloops, British Columbia. Willoughby died in 1995. The collection consists of nearly two hundred letters as well as photographs.

Andrew Wilson was born in Brussels, Ontario in 1880, moved west in 1906, and enlisted in Rosetown, Saskatchewan in 1916. He served in France from October 1917 to September 1918 until being wounded, returning to Canada in December 1919. The collection currently consists of his diary from October 19, 1917 to December 31, 1917, and one letter home to his wife.

Horace William Wilson was born in Newport, England in February, 1896 and emigrated to Waseca, Saskatchewan prior to the war. Wilson enlisted in Winnipeg, Manitoba in April, 1916. The collection currently consists of photographs, as well as the diary he kept during the war.

Roger Wilson was born in Kendall, Westmoreland, England in April, 1896. Wilson came to Alberta, Canada in the spring of 1914 where he worked as a farmer. He enlisted in December, 1915 in Calgary, Alberta with the 89th Battalion and then later served overseas with the 31st Battalion. Wilson died on April 9, 1917 in the attack at Vimy Ridge. The collection currently consists of four letters written by Wilson and a newspaper notice of his death.

Alexander Windram was born at Eyemouth, Berwickshire, Scotland in February 1881.  Prior to the war he emigrated to Canada, and settled in Fraser Mills, British Columbia. Windram enlisted with the 131st Battalion in New Westminster, British Columbia in February, 1916.  He served overseas with the 7th Battalion and was killed at Vimy Ridge on April 9, 1917.   Windram also had two brothers, William and John, who also served in the CEF and who were both killed in 1917.  The collection currently consists of seven postcards from Alexander Windram and one photograph.  Materials used with the kind permission of The City of Coquitam Archives.

Sydney Amyas Winterbottom was born in Calgary, Alberta in June, 1896. He was a student at the time of his enlistment in Vernon, British Columbia in July, 1915. Winterbottom served overseas with the 29th Battalion until his death on November 6, 1917. The collection consists of more than sixty letters written by Winterbottom, as well as several photographs.

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Latest Readings from World War One collections

James Moore

Reads a 09/21/1916 Letter by Drader, Eugene Robert from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/06/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter

RH Thomson

Reads a 07/05/1917 Letter by Mayse, Amos William (Will) from World War One collections. View full Letter