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Pre-1914

These collections contains all materials prior to World War One, including the Riel Rebellion and the South African War. It also contains materials relating to he service of Canadians outside of Canadian forces, such as the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War. External links in collection descriptions are to online attestation papers at Library and Archives Canada.

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William J. Macdonald, a medical student, enlisted in Toronto on December 29, 1899, with the 9th Toronto Field Battery. He was 24 years of age. Macdonald served overseas with "C" Field Battery, Royal Canadian Field Artillery until he was discharged in January, 1901.

Alexander Matier was born in 1880 and raised in New York City where in May, 1898, he enlisted in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War. He saw service in Cuba and returned to New York. In 1915 Matier enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force and saw service overseas, where he was wounded in Belgium in the spring of 1916. He spent more than two years in convalescent hospitals in England and Canada before he was discharged in September, 1918. He died in Winnipeg in 1920. The collection consists of two letters written home from Cuba in 1898 and an extended eighteen page letter written in 1918 detailing his wounding and convalescence.

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